Iranian human rights activist Nargis Mohammadi has won the 2023 Nobel Peace Prize for her “struggle against the oppression of women in Iran and for promoting human rights and freedom for all.” The Nobel Committee reports this.
Nargiz Mohammadi is currently in an Iranian prison. Iranian authorities arrested her 13 times, tried her five times, and sentenced her to a total of 154 lashes and 31 years in prison.
Mohammadi is an employee of the human rights center, which is headed by another Nobel Peace Prize laureate (2003), Shirin Ebadi.
Nargiz Mohammadi received her first multi-year sentence in 2011 for helping political prisoners and their families.
“As a young physics student, Mohammadi distinguished herself as an advocate for equality and women’s rights. In 2011, she was first arrested and sentenced to many years in prison for her efforts to help jailed activists and their families,” the Nobel Committee said in a statement .
During last year’s wave of protests in Iran, Nargis Mohammadi helped keep the protests going from prison.
Nargiz Mohammadi was chosen from 351 nominees, including 259 individuals and 92 organizations. According to the rules of the prize, their names will be published only after fifty years. Candidates for the Peace Prize can be nominated by persons who meet certain criteria; they cannot nominate themselves.
Over the past eight years, more than 300 people have been nominated for the Peace Prize; in 2016, a record of 376 candidates was reached. The current number of nominees will be the second in history.
Unlike other Nobel Prizes, the Peace Prize is awarded in Norway, not Sweden. The award ceremony will take place in Oslo in December 2023.
- The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded since 1901 for “outstanding contributions to the promotion of peace.” Since then, it has been awarded to 110 individuals and 27 organizations.
- Among the laureates are 18 women, including the youngest recipient, 17-year-old Pakistani human rights activist Malala Yousafzai, who received the prize in 2014. The International Committee of the Red Cross has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize three times.
- Throughout its history, the Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to four representatives of the USSR and Russia: human rights activist Andrei Sakharov, USSR President Mikhail Gorbachev, Novaya Gazeta editor Dmitry Muratov and the human rights organization Memorial.
Source : OZODI